The Top Ten most formidable piston-engined fighters

3537568725_275d992e75_o

Piston-engined fighters ruled the roost for thirty years. A brutal survival of the fittest ensured a rapid evolution of these characterful machines; the final fighters were over six times faster and around ten times heavier than the first generation. Whereas the first fighters had only a single rifle-calibre weapon, the Tigercat of 1943 had an awe-inspiring arsenal of four ‘.50 Cals’ and four 20-mm cannon. The Tigercat also had forty times more horsepower than a World War I fighter. The era of classic fighter planes ended on a high-point with huge, powerful masterpieces. We look at the zenith of ‘prop’ fighter design and choose the ten most formidable machines. To keep this blog going- allowing us to create new articles- we need donations. We’re trying to do something different with Hush-Kit: give aviation fans something that is both entertaining, surprising and well-informed. Please do help us and click on the donate button above – you can really make a difference (suggested donation £10). You will keep us impartial and without advertisers – and allow us to carry on being naughty.  A big thank you to all of our readers.

 

10. Focke-Wulf Ta 152H

focke-wulf-ta-152-h-1-fighter-01

Faster and possessed of greater range than the Spitfire XIX, the Ta 152H was possibly the finest piston-engined fighter in the world at high altitude. Had the war lasted and the high-flying B-29 been committed to Europe then this aircraft would have been its nemesis.

9. Lavochkin La-11

photo_ru_la-11_1.jpg

The ultimate Soviet piston-engined fighter and the go-to aircraft for low and medium altitude operations, the La-11 represented the zenith of the superlative Lavochkin series of combat aircraft and is one of the few aircraft on this list to have seen a serious amount of use on operations.  Combat Aircraft’s Thomas Newdick noted that it was “Last of an illustrious line, and scored a hat-full of Cold War air-to-air kills (well, a lot more than the Sea Fury, anyway)…  the La-9 was a better flier, but the La-11 marked the apogee of the Soviet piston-engined fighter. It also showed that you could still eke performance out of the rugged basic design (which went back to 1940), while the agile Yak series of fighters came to an end with the wartime Yak-3 (after which its wing was put to use for early jet fighters).”

8. Dornier Do 335

Image

The Do 335 was very unorthodox. It featured two tandem engines in the fuselage and a unique ‘push-me/pull-you’ propeller arrangement. With the power of a two-engined aircraft and the frontal cross-section of a single: the result was a remarkable top speed of 474 mph. Pierre Clostermann was one of the first allied pilots to encounter the aircraft, however even in the extremely fast Tempest, the flight he was leading was unable to catch the ‘Pfeil’.  Fortunately we will never know what this amazing machine was truly capable of. The performance of the pre-production aircraft was spectacular. A handful served on operations but little is known of what they achieved. Had the jet engine not burst onto the scene, it is likely that a spate of designs would have aped its revolutionary layout.

Was the Spitfire overrated? Full story here. A Lightning pilot’s guide to flying and fighting here. Find out the most effective modern fighter aircraft in within-visual and beyond-visual range combat. The greatest fictional aircraft here. An interview with stealth guru Bill Sweetman here. The fashion of aircraft camo here. Interview with a Super Hornet pilot here. Most importantly, a pacifist’s guide to warplanes here. F-35 expose here

Thank you for reading Hush-Kit. Our site is absolutely free and we have no advertisements. If you’ve enjoyed an article you can donate here– it doesn’t have to be a large amount, every pound is gratefully received. If you can’t afford to donate anything then don’t worry.

At the moment our contributors do not receive any payment but we’re hoping to reward them for their fascinating stories in the future.

7. Spitfire Mk 24

The last model of Spitfire designed for land operations by the RAF was a potent combat aircraft, and easily one of the world’s finest at the end of the 1940s. This serves to underline the remarkable unbroken development of a basic design that first flew in 1936, the Mk 24 was twice as heavy, more than twice as powerful and showed an increase in climb rate of 80% over that of the prototype Spitfire.

6. Grumman F7F Tigercat

180-a-1280

Over 4000 horsepower available. Great range, climb and speed. For a twin it was also highly manoeuvrable. It is odd therefore that it scored only two kills over Po-2 biplanes. However it could be argued that it has done more good than any other aircraft on this list as Tigercats operated for many years as fire-fighting tanker aircraft in California. Interestingly the F7F was intended to be named ‘Tomcat’ but this was deemed to be too sexually suggestive – a serious problem for an aircraft designed to kill people.

5. Martin-Baker M.B.5

fot064

The greatest Allied might-have-been of the war? The M.B.5 drew unanimous praise from those who flew it, speed, range and climb were outstanding and it got more out of a Rolls Royce Griffon than any other aircraft. Whether it woud have lived up to its obvious potential will remain unknown, having the misfortune to emerge into a world teeming with inferior but numerous Spitfires and Tempests. Click here for the ten greatest cancelled fighters.

 

4. North American P-82 (later F-82) Twin-Mustang

p-82-twin-mustang-title

A bizarre machine consisting (more or less) of two lengthened P-51H fuselages joined with a new centre section, the P-82B holds the record for the longest un-refuelled non-stop flight by a propeller-driven fighter (8129 km). It was also exceptionally fast. Sadly for the USAF later models of the Twin-Mustang were powered by Allison engines rather than the superlative Merlin fitted to earlier examples (due to increased royalties demanded by Rolls-Royce) and performance was reduced as a result.

Click here for the Twin-Spitfire

3. de Havilland Hornet

Sea_Hornet_F_Mk_30_-_001

Faster and far longer ranged than the first-generation jets, the Hornet also happens to be achingly beautiful. Eric Brown, the world’s most experienced test pilot, maintained it was his favourite piston-engined aircraft, as he put it “My favourite piston engine (aircraft) is the de Havilland Hornet. For the simple reason it was over-powered. This is an unusual feature in an aircraft, you could do anything on one engine, almost, that you could do on two. It was a ‘hot rod Mosquito’ really, I always described it as like flying a Ferrari in the sky.” (Sea Hornet illustrated).

Equal 1st: Hawker Sea Fury and Grumman F8F Bearcat:

Bearcat1

One holds the absolute climb rate record for piston-engined aircraft, the other the maximum speed record. Both appeared as a result of the same problem – it was too difficult to operate a jet fighter from a carrier and thus piston-engined fighter development was allowed to develop to its apogee. They are so closely matched that it is impossible to choose between them. Captain Eric Brown, who flew both, sums it up rather neatly:

In the case of the Bearcat I found myself inevitably comparing it with the Hawker Sea Fury, and there really was very little to choose between the two. The Bearcat probably had the edge on climb and manoeuvrability, but was not such a good weapons platform nor as good in instrument-flight conditions as the Sea Fury. It was rather like the Fw 190 versus Spitfire IX situation – they were so evenly matched that if they met in combat the skill of the pilot alone would have been the deciding factor. Both were certainly great aircraft.”

The Sea Fury was the pinnacle of Hawker’s illustrious prop fighter line. The Sea Fury had everything a great fighter needs: it was tough, well-armed, fast and agile . Despite its enormous size and power (2,480 HP)  it had delightful handling qualities; pilots were impressed with how spin-resistant it was, and Sea Fury pilot Dave Eagles gave it it ‘top marks for agility’. The Sea Fury was sent to war in Korea, where it proved itself an excellent warplane, notably downing a MiG-15 jet fighter in 1952.

Find out what it’s like flying the Sea Fury here.

Hawker-Sea-Fury-FB-11

You will only hear about the latest exclusive aviation features by following Hush-Kit on Twitter

Thank you for reading Hush-Kit. Our site is absolutely free and we have no advertisements. If you’ve enjoyed an article you can donate here. At the moment our contributors do not receive any payment but we’re hoping to reward them for their fascinating stories in the future.

Have a look at 10 worst British military aircraftSu-35 versus Typhoon10 Best fighters of World War II top WVR and BVR fighters of today, an interview with a Super Hornet pilot and a Pacifist’s Guide to Warplanes. Was the Spitfire overrated? Want something more bizarre? The Top Ten fictional aircraft is a fascinating read, as is The Strange Story and The Planet Satellite. The Fashion Versus Aircraft Camo is also a real cracker. Those interested in the Cold Way should read A pilot’s guide to flying and fighting in the Lightning. Those feeling less belligerent may enjoy A pilot’s farewell to the Airbus A340. Looking for something more humorous? Have a look at this F-35 satire and ‘Werner Herzog’s Guide to pusher bi-planes or the Ten most boring aircraft. In the mood for something more offensive? Try the NSFW 10 best looking American airplanes, or the same but for Canadians. 

Check out the Top ten fighters of World War II here

The judges were: Hush-Kit’s Joe Coles, Combat Aircraft‘s Thomas Newdick, the RAF Review‘s Paul Eden, The Aviation Historian‘s Nick Stroud and the artist Ed Ward.  If you enjoyed this, have  a look at the top ten British, French, Swedish, Australian,  Soviet and German aeroplanes. Wanting Something a little more exotic- try the top ten fictional aircraft. Feeling more negative? Enjoy a little glass of  Schadenfreude and read about the Ten Worst Carrier Aircraft.

Advertisements

15 comments

  1. Jonathan Mercer

    Superb! Mainly because it’s in complete accord with my own personal prejudices (I’ve just been reading about surviving aviation forums).

    Every now and then I ask myself what high performance piston fighter would make me very happy if I owned one and, being British, the Sea Fury wins out. At the same time I suspect there would be days when my faithless eyes would stray towards a Bearcat…

  2. Pingback: Top Ten Fighters at the outbreak of World War II | Hush-Kit
  3. E. Brammer

    I would’ve lengthened the list, foe these two; the FG-2 Corsair (with the ‘corn-cob’ engine) and the P-47N Thunderbolt.
    As for the F-7F, my dad qualified for those in ’45. They (the aircraft) didn’t make it to the carrier before Truman ended the war. Truly a very fast, demanding (torque on take-off), but versatile ship. Only the Hornet compared.

  4. Jim Bottger

    I can’t believe the P-51 Mustang didn’t make this list…granted, it wasn’t a pure “dogfighter” like many of these planes were, but there was no other plane, regardless of country of origin, at that time that could’ve done what the Mustang did. It was the only plane in the war that could escort our bombers all the way to Germany, outfight the German fighters, and then escort the bombers all the way home…you could say they single handedly won the war in Europe…

    • Reg Prescott

      I too like the P51 but it was really a multi-role aircraft rather than an out and out fighter and I feel that is why it isn’t on this list.. After the war, the allies did various comparisons and investigations into properties of the piston engined planes (See TJ Wade) and the Mustang scored quite badly when it came to rate of climb, acceleration and turn. As you say, it had range and above all else, it was very stable so proved very adaptable.(Much more so than many planes on this list). Towards the end of the war, many German squadrons were completely wiped out by Mustangs as a result of clever tactics by the pilots and the jawdropping fuel capacity of the plane.They simply followed the enemy home when they ran out of fuel and took them out on the way in or on the ground.

    • Bruce

      I guess it depends what question you’re asking. This list is for the “Most Formidable [of all time]” rather than “Most useful fighter of WW2”.

      Also bear in mind that the mustang’s success was in large part due to:
      – Good tactics & training
      – Poor tactics & training amongst the rookie German pilots + a lack of experienced pilots by that stage of the war.
      – The Germans were forced to continue using upgraded 109’s & 190’s. They simply didn’t have the spare resources to switch production, iron out teething troubles, develop suitable tactics and introduce them to squadron service, even though they had some excellent designs.

      I’ve read that the P47 could have been given the same range as P51 if they had similarly maxed out it’s MTOW by giving it massive drop tanks & accepting the COG issues that came with some of the P51’s internal tanking. Does anyone know if this is true?

      • Colin

        The P-51 increased its internal fuel tankage with an fuel tank aft of the cockpit and under the radio shelf.
        This would not have been possible on the P-47 as the same space was occupied by the turbo. The post-war P-47N however utilised a ‘wet wing’ with 93 US gallons of fuel in each wing.

  5. Miguel

    AD-2 Skyraider and P47 shouldve made the list, both were excellent ground attack aircraft, the skyraider lasting till the 80’s

    • Ari

      How about the Grumman F6 Hellcat

      Great question, the fighter which won the war in Pacific !! in opinions of many, the most successful fighter in WW2 ..

  6. Pingback: Dismantling the Spitfire myth | Hush-Kit
  7. Pingback: Why the Spitfire’s place in history of World War II should be challenged. | Hush-Kit
  8. Bruce

    Another interesting parallel between Sea Fury & Bearcat is that they were both based on a highly successful WW2 fighter, keeping the same engine but shrinking the airframe to improve performance. This contrasts to the usual “let’s have more of everything” approach.

  9. JOHN NEEL

    THE P-47M,480MPH IN LEVELFLIGHT,RANGESAME AS P-51D,8 FIFTIES NOT 6 LIKE THE 51,43MPH FASTER THAN 51-D THE P-51-D SURE AS HELL WAS NOT THE BEST AMERICAN FIGHTER OF WW2 ESPECIALLY WHEN YOU CONSIDER AIR COOLED EIGHTEEN CYLINDER ENGINE AT 2800 HP TO THE P-51D WATER COOLED MERLIN ENGINE AT 1650 HP.

    • Colin

      R-2800 refers to the powerplant’s displacement, not output power, so 2,800 cu in and 1,650 cu in for the Packard Merlin

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s